Like any other cancer, laryngeal cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that can invade adjacent tissues if left untreated. The most common cancer of the larynx and trachea is the squamous cell carcinoma, although other epithelial cancers or sarcomas can also occur. Laryngeal cancer begins at the surface of the larynx, and if left untreated, spreads into deeper tissues, and eventually to other parts of the body, such as the surrounding lymph nodes of the neck, and even the lungs.
Treatment for laryngeal cancer depends on the cancer’s size, location, and stage of the disease. Depending on these factors, treatments options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of the three. Early stage cancer can often be treated with minimally invasive surgery or radiation alone. Later stage cancers may require multimodality therapy.